Sustainability of Health Enhancing Activities to Prevent Non-Communicable Diseases and Preservation of Health Among Selected Communities in Negeri Sembilan
- Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohd Dzulkhairi Mohd Rani
- Dr. Norsham Juliana Nordin
- Dr. Mohd Azmani Sahar
- Dr. Nadia Mohd Effendy
- Dr. Khadijah Hasanah Abang Abdullah
- Dr. Nadeeya ‘Ayn Umaisara Mohamad Nor
- Prof. Dr. Muhammad Shamsir Mohd Aris
Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Metabolic risk factors such as raised blood pressure, obesity, high glucose levels and hyperlipidemia also contribute to the increase the risk of NCDs. Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) now contribute to an estimated 73% of total deaths in Malaysia Risk factors for developing NCD can be categorized into modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors. In this study, we focus on the preventable risk factors and intervene the progression of disease through instilling appopriate knowledge of NCD and advocate lifestyle modification to combat NCD. This randomised field trial study with multi cluster sampling method will determine the respondents of selected community in Negeri Sembilan knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) on NCD, their eating habits, physical activities and their risk factors for NCD. Their anthropometric measurements, BMIs, blood pressure and random blood glucose level will be measured. A comprehensive health intervention programme that is tailored to the needs of the community based on their baseline KAP level, NCD status and risk factors will be carried out. Modifiable risk factors such as tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and use of alcohol will be addressed.This will be followed by post- intervention assessment. The outcome of study can be used as to strategize and develop a comprehensive and sustainable module to prevent and control non-communicable diseseases through apporiate and targetted health promotion and educational activities.
Statistics of Non-communicable diseases
- The current situation of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Malaysia according to National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015 (NHMS 2015) by the Ministry of Health Malaysia, the prevalence of diabetes among Malaysians was 17.5%, hypertension 30.3% and hypercholesterolemia 47.7%.
- The risk factors for NCDs includes obesity, dietary practices, inactive physically, smoking and alcohol consumption.
- NHMS 2015 also reported that the prevalence of obesity in Malaysia was 17.7%, 22.8% smokers, 7.7% consumed alcohols and 33.5% prevalence of physically inactive Malaysians.
- Urban area: Ampangan
- Sub-urban and traditional village: Kuala Pilah
- Rural and Orang Asli settlement: Jelebu